YASA e.V. - Kurdish Centre for
Legal Studies & Consultancy





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Syria in Change - Solution for the Kurdish issue

Since 15th March of this year, citizens rose up against the regime in Syria, which is considered as one of the most brutal and repressive regimes in the Arab world. The reaction of the Syrian regime on the protests of the Syrian people has showed this brutality.  Thousands on Syrians has paid their life for their demand for freedom, democracy and human rights.

To read the memorandum please click here: PDF


Appeal - Support the peaceful demonstrators in Syria

The people in Syria went on the streets in Daraa, Damascus, Lattakia, Homs, Qamishli and many other cities and showed their will to have change in their country. They said no to the massive violation of Human Rights, no to corruption, no to dictatorship.

The Syrians have been suffering over the last decades under Al Baath regime and under Al Assad Senior and junior. The regime has violated the Syrian people in their dignity and never respected basic human rights and individual freedoms. Through monopoly of the economy by the ruling elite corruption and systematic corruption throughout the administration the regime has managed to have classes in the society, the rich and powerful small group, and the poor frustrated wide group.

To maintain a benefit to the first group, the regime has build up a secret service apparatus and corrupted the police and judicial system with a puppet parliament.

The human rights situation in Syria is becoming worse every year. Even Syria has signed very few international law human rights agreements; the implementation of the rights of these agreements was never a serious issue for the government, quite the contrary, torture, kidnapping, murder with a merciless secret service were the method to govern the people of Syria. Ethnic and religious groups were excluded from the political, economic and culture life; systematic suppression and to ignore were the reply on their will for equality and participation. The existence of the Kurdish minority as such, is still officially denied. Suppression, marginalization, banning of political parties, assimilation, and violation of cultural and economical rights direct the policy of the Al Baath and Assad regime against the Kurds for decades which is a cultural genocide.

Syria plays a key role in the peace process in the Middle East. Such a regime will never play a positive role in having a good relationship to his neighbouring states. Stability in the region means the end for such a regime; so the Assad regime misused its key role in the region to create instability in the Middle East to survive.

The uprising in Tunisia and Egypt is a wind of freedom blowing throughout the Middle East and more and more nations of the region see it as a big chance to put an end to their suffering and make a change.

The Syrian people have decided to not miss the opportunity and take their destiny into their own hands and started on March 15, 2011 to stand up for their rights; The rights to freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development and freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources.

Face book, you tube have helped the people in Syria to communicate and start the peaceful revolution and still do. Media and politicians are requested to support the democratic movement.

We call upon the democratic governments to do press on the Syrian Government to stop killing the demonstrators and guarantee them the right of free opinion.

We call upon the media to take over its responsibility and report about the situation and killings in Syria and to inform the public opinion about it.


YASA e.V. - Conference of West Kurdistan's Lawyers - YASA and the Kurdish Issue  in Syria and Abroad

YASA e.V. invite you to attend the Conference of West Kurdistan's Lawyers - YASA and the Kurdish Issue  in Syria and Abroad. We hope that you join the conference so we can support the Kurdish issue through the international law on international level.


Those who want to attend, please send us the following:






We look forward to welcome you in Bonn


Forum on Minority Issues in Geneva

YASA’s Statement on the situation of the Kurds in the field of economic participation in Syria at the third session of the Forum which took place on 14 and 15 December 2010 at the United Nations, Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. The thematic focus of the 3rd session of the Forum was "Minorities and effective participation in economic life".

Read the full version of the English statement PDF

Read the full version of the Arabic statement PDF


Wasted decade

Human Rights Watch


After Bashar al-Asad succeeded his father as president in July 2000, many people in Syria hoped that the human rights situation would improve. In his first inaugural speech on July 17, al-Asad spoke of the need for “creative thinking,” “the desperate need for constructive criticism,” “transparency,” and “democracy.”

Ten years later, these initial hopes remain unfulfilled, and al-Asad’s words have not translated into any kind of government action to promote criticism, transparency, or democracy.

Under Bashar al-Asad, Syrian authorities have continued to suppress the political and cultural rights of the Kurdish minority, including banning the teaching of Kurdish in schools and regularly disrupting gatherings to celebrate Kurdish festivals such as Newroz (the Kurdish New Year).

To read the full report in English, please click here PDF




Stateless Kurds in Syria - Illegal invaders or victims of a nationalistic policy?
KurdWatch - European Center for Kurdish Studies


With Decree No. 93 on August 23, 1962, the Syrian government ordered a special census for al-Hasakah province, which was carried out on October 5, 1962. As a result, approximately 120,000 Kurds lost their Syrian citizenship and with it, their basic civil rights. Since the descendants of these people registered as stateless (ajanib, sing. ajnabi/ajnabiyah, literally »foreigners«) are likewise stateless, the number of those affected has continued to rise over the last decades.


To read the full report in English please click here PDF

Or directly on the KurdWatch website here




YASA shadow report for the review of the Syrian Arab Republic under the UN convention against torture (CAT)

A new strategy against the Kurds in Syria is torturing the Kurdish soldiers in the Syrian army, but as access to army documents is a national secret, human rights organisation are not able to prove any human rights violation and torture inside the army. During the last 5 years, 35 Kurdish Soldiers have been killed during their time of military service in Syria. The parents were unclearly informed about the death of their sons. Nevertheless, parents had to confirm the vague information and unclear statements they had received in order to get the dead bodies.


To read the full report in English please click here PDF

To read the reports of the other organisations please click here


Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms University Bonn, the Institute for Orient and Asia sciences - Islam Sciences department in cooperation with YASA e.V. Kurdish Centre for legal Studies & Consultancy and the Kurdish students group RAMAN


Offer a training course for teachers for Kurdish (Kurmanji)

The objective of this course is to train people who have very good Kurdish skills and would like to teach Kurdish and would like to improve their teaching skills in Kurdish.


Participants will be trained to teach Kurdish to students and pupils in the German schools and universities.


The course offers also the possibility to improve their Kurdish skills in six months throw online materials which are prepared from experts in the Kurdish language.


At the end of the course participants will have a written and oral examination. Successful participants will receive a certificate of successful participation to Kurdish as foreign language. The certificate proves the skills of teaching Kurdish at schools and universities.


For further information about the course and it objectives, registration, fees and terms & condition please refer to the following link:


or under  http://www.raman.uni-bonn.de/deutsch/event_25.htm


Group Denial - Repression of Kurdish Political and Cultural Rights in Syria
Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch urge the governments of the European Union and the USA to communicate their strong disapproval of Syria’s treatment of its Kurdish minority and to emphasize that further progress in their relations with Syria will depend on concrete improvements in Syria’s human rights situation.

To read the report in English please click here PDF

To read the report in Arabic please click here PDF


Forum on Minority Issues in Geneva

YASA’s Statement on the situation of the Kurds in the field of participation in Syria at the second session of the Forum which took place on 12 and 13 November 2009 at the United Nations, Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. The thematic focus of the 2nd session of the Forum was "Minorities and the right of participation".

Read the full version of the English statement PDF

Read the full version of the Arabic statement PDF


The Festival of Kurdish Poetry

On 24 October 2009 YASA e.V. - Kurdish Centre for Legal Studies and Consultancy and the committee of the Festival organizes in Bonn the Festival of Kurdish Poetry outside the homland to listen to poems in Kurdish  and German language.

From 14:00 to 19:00 in König Str.: 88 - 53115 Bonn.



Current situation of the Kurds in Syria
Federal Office for Migration - Switzerland
Kurdish is not recognized as an official language and can not be taught at the schools. The Kurdish flag is prohibited. Newroz celebration (Kurdish New Year festival) is tolerated in Kurdish areas but prohibited in the large cities (Damascus, Aleppo).

Also prohibited are public cultural events in the Kurdish language. The Constitution prohibits the establishment of political parties on ethnic and religious basis. However, there are 13-15 Kurdish political parties. They are partially tolerated, but strictly monitored by the State Security Service. There is a strong government censorship and the repression is far reaching.
To read the report in German please click here PDF


The situation of the Kurdish asylum seekers, and the German-Syrian agreement

YASA e.V. - Kurdish Center for Legal Studies and Consultancy invites you to participate in the seminar "the situation of Kurdish asylum seekers and the German-Syrian agreement" on Saturday, 25.07.2009 at 17:00 O'clock in Bochum.

In addition the legal and diplomatic activities of YASA and its future plans and relations with the Kurdish parties and organizations in and outside Germany will be highlighted.

Address: Cultural Cafe
Universitätsstrasse 150
44801 Bochum



Workshop on Human Rights and the Politics

YASA e.V. - Kurdish Center for Legal Studies and Consultancy organises a workshop on July 04, 2009 for Kurdish lawyers, political scientists, economists, media experts and human rights activists.

Participation is only with prior registration and invitation.

For further information, please contact Mr. Jian Badrakhan at: info@yasa-online.org


The Kurds in Syria: Fueling Separatist Movements in the Region?
United States Institute of Peace - By Radwan Ziadeh

-Kurds in Syria have been denied basic social, cultural, and political rights, in many cases stemming from the Syrian state’s refusal to grant citizenship.

-Kurdish political opposition in Syria is fractured. Though some join Kurds in other countries in calling for the emergence of a separate Kurdish state, many Kurds reject separatism and have generally been committed to peaceful democratic struggle.

-Democratic reforms in Syria that improve the human rights situation for Kurds and non-Kurds could go a long way to alleviate the tension between the Kurds and the Syrian state.

-The problems that Syrian Kurds face cannot be truly solved without an effort both to improve the human rights of Kurds throughout the region and to foster their political inclusion in their states of residency.

-The United States and European Union should use any diplomatic tools at their disposal to promote appropriate reforms in Syria and the region.

 To read the Full report please click here



Syria's Kurds History, Politics and Society
By Jordi Tejel

This book is a decisive contribution to the study of Kurdish history in Syria since the mandatory period (1920-1946) up to nowadays.

Avoiding an essentialist approach, Jordi Tejel provides fine, complex and sometimes paradoxical analysis about the articulation between tribal, local, regional, and national identities, on one hand, and the formation of a Kurdish minority awareness vis-à-vis the consolidation of Arab nationalism in Syria, on the other hand.

Using unpublished material, in particular concerning the Mandatory period (French records and Kurdish newspapers) and social movement theory, Tejel analyses the reasons of this "exception" within the Kurdish political sphere. In spite of the exclusion of Kurdishness from the public sphere, especially since 1963, Kurds of Syria have avoided a direct confrontation with the central power, most Kurds opting for a strategy of "dissimulation", cultivating internally the forms of identity that challenge the official ideology. The book explores the dynamics leading to the consolidation of Kurdish minority awareness in contemporary Syria; an ongoing process that could take the form of radicalization or even violence.

To read the first 30 pages please click here

To buy the book please click here



Forum on Minority Issues in Geneva

YASA’s Statement on the situation of the Kurds in the field of education in Syria at the first session of the Forum which took place on 15 and 16 December 2008 at the United Nations, Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. The thematic focus of the 1st session of the Forum was "Minorities and the right to education".

Read the full version of the English statement PDF

Read the full version of the Arabic statement PDF









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